Maimonides (Moses ben Maimon; Rambam)

   North African philosopher and halakhist. He is commonly referred to by the name Maimonides, though his given Hebrew name was Moses ben Maimon; the name Rambam is derived from the title Rabbi Moses ben Maimon. He was born in Cordoba, but left the city with his family in 1148 when it was captured by the Almohades. After years of wandering, they settled in Fez. During this perid he wrote treatises on the Jewish calendar, logic and halakhah. In 1168 he completed his commentary on the Mishnah; from 1170 to 1180 he worked on the Mishneh Torah (also known as Yad Hazakah), a compilation of the halakah. In 1190 he completed his philosophical study, the Guide for the Perplexed which evoked a controversy that lasted for a century; the work was accused by some of excessive rationalism, which might lead to heresy, while others supported Maimonides' views. He also wrote medical studies and became physician to the Sultan of Egypt. Maimonides exercised a profound influence on Jewish scholarship: his codification of Jewish law remained a standard guide to halakhah and he is perceived as the principal Jewish philos-opher of the Middle Ages.

Dictionary of Jewish Biography. .

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  • Maimonides, Moses (Rabbi Moses ben-Maimon; Rambam) — (1135–1204)    Spanish rabbi, physician and philosopher. Maimonides was born in Cordoba into a scholarly family which had long been settled in the town. He was educated by his father, a rabbi, in both Hebrew and Arabic. When Cordoba was taken in… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • MAIMONIDES, MOSES — (Moses ben Maimon; known in rabbinical literature as Rambam ; from the acronym Rabbi Moses Ben Maimon; 1135–1204), rabbinic authority, codifier, philosopher, and royal physician. BIOGRAPHY The most illustrious figure in Judaism in the post… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Maimonides, Moses — (1135–1204)    Moses ben Maimon, known as Maimonides throughout Europe, was the most important Jewish philosopher of the Middle Ages, one of the most important thinkers in the entire history of Judaism, and one of the most influential religious… …   Encyclopedia of medieval literature

  • Maimonides, Moses — orig. Moses ben Maimon born March 30, 1135, Córdoba died Dec. 13, 1204, Egypt Jewish philosopher, jurist, and physician. He was obliged to practice his faith secretly after a revolutionary and fanatical Islamic sect, the Almohads, captured… …   Universalium

  • Maimonides,Moses — Mai·mon·i·des (mī mŏnʹĭ dēz ), Moses. Originally Moses Ben Maimon. Sometimes called “Rambam.” 1135 1204. Spanish born Jewish philosopher and physician. The greatest medieval Jewish scholar, he codified the Talmud and in Guide for the Perplexed… …   Universalium

  • Mosche ben Maimon — Idealporträt Maimonides’ aus dem 19. Jahrhundert Maimonides Statue in Córdoba (Spanien) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moshe ben Maimon — Idealporträt Maimonides’ aus dem 19. Jahrhundert Maimonides Statue in Córdoba (Spanien) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Moshe Ben Maimon — Moïse Maïmonide  Ne doit pas être confondu avec Ramban. Pour les articles homonymes, voir Maïmonide (homonymie). Moïse Maïmonide …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Maimonides — Maimonidean, adj., n. /muy mon i deez /, n. (Moses ben Maimon) ( RaMBaM ), 1135 1204, Jewish scholastic philosopher and rabbi, born in Spain: one of the major theologians of Judaism. * * * …   Universalium

  • Maimonides — Mai•mon•i•des [[t]maɪˈmɒn ɪˌdiz[/t]] n. big (Moses ben Maimon) (“RaMBaM”), 1135–1204, Jewish philosopher and jurist …   From formal English to slang

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